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Art Design How SCDA Designed The Singapore Art Museum's New Look

How SCDA Designed The Singapore Art Museum's New Look

The museum’s new entrance at Queen Street
The museum’s new entrance at Queen Street
By Hong Xinying
By Hong Xinying
April 24, 2020
Led by SCDA, the new facelift of the Singapore Art Museum embodies the firm’s creative philosophy and its commitment to sustainable design

“Every architect wants to do a museum,” quips Soo K. Chan, founding principal of SCDA Architects. Indeed, the $90 million makeover of the Singapore Art Museum (SAM) marks another milestone for the celebrated firm. 

Slated to finish by 2023, the project marks the museum’s first major renovation since its opening in 1996. Formerly the St Joseph’s Institution, the school was built in 1867 and converted to house the art museum, after being gazetted as a national monument. The SAM at 8Q, an annex building at Queen Street, became part of the museum premises in 2008.

“It’s a very important commission for us; we understand very well that something institutional like that needs to be handled with great sensitivity,” says Chan. “We’ve been very careful to consider its status as a monument. Whatever additions we had, we decided that they should be fairly understated and respect the primacy of the old building.”

Founding principal Soo K. Chan of SCDA Architects
Founding principal Soo K. Chan of SCDA Architects

“It’s a very important commission for us; we understand very well that something institutional like that needs to be handled with great sensitivity,” says Chan. “We’ve been very careful to consider its status as a monument. Whatever additions we had, we decided that they should be fairly understated and respect the primacy of the old building.”

For this project, the design concept is both elegant and effective—it adds two floating glass boxes to create new galleries and event spaces, while restoring original architectural elements. The main entrance has been relocated to pedestrianise the front lawn and a new link bridge will also connect the main building to SAM at 8Q.

(Related: From Singapore to the World: Taking a Bite of the Big Apple)

The link bridge that connects to SAM at 8Q
The link bridge that connects to SAM at 8Q

“By removing the vehicular dropoff from Bras Basah Road, we’re able to bring visitors to a plaza that allows you to look at the interaction between the old building and the new additions,” explains Chan. “It’s an extension of what we do. We design for the human experience through an understanding of procession—how people move through space—and the incorporation of light and air in this very honest structure.”

Aesthetic elements are subtle and well-considered; these include the use of faceted, reflective glass on the facade of the new structures. “All of the reflective glass is faceted gradually; every panel reflects the dome and it deconstructs the image of the dome, the central feature of the old building.”

(Related: The Tatler Guide to Building Your Own Museum)

A glass canopy encloses the former courtyard to create a voluminous indoor event space
A glass canopy encloses the former courtyard to create a voluminous indoor event space

At the museum, air-conditioning has been minimised where possible. Some corridors have been opened up and advances in glass technology applied to facades to reduce heat and help make the building more energy-efficient. “Art, as a medium, needs to be in a climate-controlled environment, so there are certain constraints within that,” says Chan. “But I think that conserving old buildings is very much a part of being green, rather than tearing down and rebuilding.”

(Related: Museums Around The World Are Sharing Their Most “Zen” Art On Social Media)

The new column-free Sky Gallery at the Singapore Art Museum;
The new column-free Sky Gallery at the Singapore Art Museum;

Headquartered in Singapore since its founding in 1995, SCDA has also harnessed its influence to help tackle the climate emergency. This January, the firm signed the Construction Declares petition together with a group of local architects and engineers, which includes CSYA, DP Architects, Woha, Hassell and RSP. Its aim? To promote awareness of the ecological damage of construction while designing infrastructure and buildings as part of a larger self-sustaining system.

“Building accounts for a big part of carbon emissions,” says the architect. “But if you were to build in urban areas, then it’s not just about the architecture. If governments intensify the plot ratios in the cities for urban design or for economics, there’s an incentive for developers to en bloc, tear down or rebuild. So it requires all of us to take a different attitude.”

(Related: How One Restaurant Group Is Leading The Industry Towards A Sustainable Future)

The April-May 2020 issue is available with our compliments on Magzter.

Enter the promo code THSGApril2020; offer ends May 31, 2020

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Art & Design Tatler Homes design singapore art museum art architecture sustainability

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